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Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation, frequently referred to as PNS, is a commonly used approach to treat chronic pain. It involves surgery that places a small electrical device (a wire-like electrode) next to one of the peripheral nerves. The electrode delivers rapid electrical pulses that are felt like mild tingles. Similar to heart pacemakers, electricity is delivered...


Spinal Cord Stimulators

Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a method of treatment in which a surgically implanted pulse generator sends electrical currents through the spine in order to interfere with nerve impulses that cause chronic pain. The pulse generator is inserted in the abdomen, and small, coated wires run to the point in the...


Spinal Injections

Spinal injections can be used to provide temporary relief from chronic neck or back pain, or to diagnose the source of the pain. The goal of injections is typically to use a combination of a numbing agent and a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation around a nerve, thereby easing symptoms. These injections can be used for...


Medial Branch Injections

The joints in your spine are called facet joints. These joints are located on the left and right side of each vertebra, interlocking with the vertebra above and below like hinges that allow spinal movement. Each facet joint contains small nerves that are responsible for transmitting pain signals directly to the joint. These nerves are...


Facet Block Injections

Facet injections are a common treatment for patients with back pain that manifests in the facet joints, the joints that connect two vertebrae and allow the spine to perform bending and twisting motions. Over time, the cartilage that lines the spine’s facet joints, which make motion smooth and pain-free, begins to wear down. In some...


Radiofrequency Neurotomy

Radiofrequency Neurotomy Radiofrequency neurotomy is an injection procedure in which electrically produced heat is applied to compressed or irritated nerves in order to interrupt pain signals to and from the brain. In essence, the affected nerve is temporarily deadened in order to prevent sensations from traveling to the part of the body experiencing symptoms of pain, tingling...


Epidural Steroid Injections

Diagnostic and therapeutic epidural steroid injections for neck and back pain Epidural steroid injections are commonly used to diagnose and treat neck and back pain. These injections are placed in the epidural space of the spine, which is located between the vertebral bones and the protective covering of the spinal cord. What is in an...


Laser Spine Surgery

An alternative to traditional “open” spine surgery is a minimally invasive laser procedure. Here, the surgeon makes a smaller incision and uses a tool to tunnel to the site of the pain. Because the muscles aren’t pulled away, damage to the surrounding area is minimal and the recovery time is often shorter. Laser spine surgery can help relieve...


Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is a type of state-of-the-art surgery that uses small tubular system or micro incisions, assisted with an endoscope for visualization. This type of minimally invasive spine surgery effectively treats disc herniations, spinal stenosis, bone spurs, slipped vertebrates, spinal joint arthritis, and more. Using only local anesthesia, Endoscopic Spine Surgery provides patients with quicker recovery and less pain than traditional...


Percutaneous Lumbar Discectomy (PLD)

Percutaneous lumbar discectomy (PLD) is a minimally invasive procedure during which a needle is inserted through the skin and into a bulging or herniated disc in the lumbar region, or lower back. The damaged disc material is then removed. A probe outfitted with a surgical cutting and suction device or vaporizing laser is inserted through...

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